Research International Journal of Pulmonology, Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine Pulmonology is a medical specialty that deals with diseases involving the respiratory tract. Pulmonary Medicine is a peer-reviewed, Open Access journal that publishes original research articles, review articles, and clinical studies related to the prevention, diagnosis and management of pulmonary and associated disorders, as well as related molecular genetics, psychopathology, and epidemiology.
The journal encourages submissions on pulmonology, respiratory medicine, thoracic surgery, lung diseases, pulmonary function tests, and respiratory care and therapy. A branch of medicine that specializes in diagnosing and treating diseases of the lungs and other parts of the respiratory system. These diseases include asthma, emphysema, tuberculosis, and pneumonia.
The human respiratory system is a series of organs responsible for taking in oxygen and expelling carbon dioxide. The primary organs of the respiratory system are the lungs, which carry out this exchange of gases as we breathe. Air enters the body via the nose (preferably) or the mouth. The air enters the main windpipe, called the trachea, and continues en route to each lung via either the right or left bronchus (plural=bronchi). The lungs are separated into sections called lobes, two on the left and three on the right. The air passages continue to divide into ever smaller tubes, which finally connect with tiny air sacs called alveolar. This gradually branching array of tubes is referred to as the bronchial “tree” because of the remarkable similarity to the branching pattern of a tree.
The other half of the respiratory system involves blood circulation. Venous blood from the body is returned to the right side of the heart and then pumped out via the pulmonary artery. This artery splits in two for the left and right lungs and then continues to branch much like the bronchial tree. These vessels branch into a fine network of very tiny tubes called capillaries.
The capillaries are situated adjacent to the alveolar and are so small that only one red blood cell at a time can pass through their openings. It is during this passage that gases are exchanged between the blood and the air in the nearby alveolar. After passing the alveolar, capillaries then join together to begin forming the pulmonary veins, which carry the blood back to the left side of the heart.
Colonoscopy is the endoscopic technique of visualizing airways carrying air from trachea or windpipe to the lungs for diagnostic and therapeutic purposes. Horoscope is a thin flexible tube to be inserted into airways through nose or mouth or through tracheotomy. Colonoscopy is of two types, rigid and flexible.
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