Research International Journal of Vaccines and Immunology scholarly, peer-reviewed, the international and interdisciplinary journal publishes original clinical and translational articles and reviews, etc. in the field of Vaccines and Immunology topics are unlimited. A vaccine is a biological preparation that provides active acquired immunity to a particular disease.
A vaccine typically contains an agent that resembles a disease-causing microorganism and is often made from weakened or killed forms of the microbe, its toxins, or one of its surface proteins. The agent stimulates the body’s immune system to recognize the agent as a threat, destroy it, and to further recognize and destroy any of the microorganisms associated with that agent that it may encounter in the future.
Toxoid vaccines are made from inactivated toxic compounds that cause illness rather than the micro-organism. Examples of toxoid-based vaccines include tetanus and diphtheria. Toxoid vaccines are known for their efficacy. Not all toxoids are for micro-organisms; for example, Crotalus atrox toxoid is used to vaccinate dogs against rattlesnake bites. Also known as heterologous vaccines, these are vaccines that are pathogens of other animals that either does not cause disease or cause mild disease in the organism being treated.
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